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What are the 2 main characteristics that define the current standards in CPR?
A - The rhythm and the number of chest compressions.|
B - The positioning of the rescuer and the magnitude of the compressions.
C - The early onset of manoeuvres and quick compressions.
D - The call to 911 and the installation of AEDs.
An adult victim who collapsed in front of you; the order of priorities is...?
A - call 911, begin CPR and install AED (if available).|
B - call for help, get the first-aid kit and defibrillator(AED).
C - begin immediately to administer CPR and install AED (if available).
D - get the AED, install it and call 911.
After unsuccessfully through the manoeuvres to unclog a victim, she collapsed in your arms, what do you do?
A - I immediately begin airway clearance manoeuvres with the unconscious victim.|
B - I let her fall forcefully to the ground which may clear the blockage, and then begin CPR.
C - I lay the victim on the floor on her back, have someone call 911 and begin airway clearance manoeuvres.
D - I dial 911 and then try to remove what blocks her airways with my fingers.
After 5 cycles of manoeuvres in attempt to unblock the victim mentioned in the previous question, the airway is still blocked, what do you do?
A - I stop the manoeuvres because they are useless.|
B - I apply stronger and faster breaths.
C - I continue until I am physically unable, or until EMS arrives.
D - I increase the strength and frequency of compressions.
Having successfully managed to clear the airway of a conscious victim, at the first manoeuvre, I then...?
A - advise him to consult a doctor.|
B - ask him to take deep breath to get well oxygenated.
C - ask the victim to sit, and monitor him until he has completely recovered from his misadventure.
D - advise him to be careful and not to do anything else while eating.
The best way to find the right location to perform the Heimlich manoeuvre is...
A - to get positioned about 6 inches (15cm) lower than the sternum.|
B - to get positioned at the height of his belt.
C - to find the iliac crests and then go to navel.
D - to pat the belly to find the navel.
With victims who are children or babies, how deep must be done chest compressions?
A - Between 1/2 to 11/2 inch (1.25 to 3.8 cm).|
B - Between 1/3 to 1/2 of his thorax depth.
C - Between 1/2 to 1 inch (1.25 to 2.5cm).
D - Between 1/2 to 3/4 of his thorax depth.
Are there circumstances where the rescuer can use both hands on a child?
A - No, the compressions must be made with one hand only with the other hand positioned on the front of the victim to maintain an open airway.|
B - Yes, if the first aider has a small stature.
C - Yes, if the victim is overweight for his age.
D - No, it would be too dangerous for the child.
When performing CPR with adult or child victims, chest compressions should be performed...?
A - at the width of the index under the xiphoid.|
B - at the center of the sternum.
C - on the upper half of the sternum.
D - on the lower half of the sternum.
What is the ratio of compressions / breaths to child or baby victims?
A - 30 compressions / 2 breaths.|
B - 15 compressions / 1 breath.
C - 15 compressions / 2 breaths.
D - 5 compressions / 2 breaths.
During CPR if the victim regurgitates, they should immediately be placed on their side in order to clean the mouth. The main cause of regurgitation is...?
A - chest compressions are too strong.|
B - breaths are too fast and too strong.
C - improper hand position.
D - airways not opened.
While you perform CPR on a victim, someone arrives with a defibrillator, what do you do?
A - I finish my CPR cycle and I install the electrodes.|
B - I finish my CPR cycle and I turn on the defibrillator.
C - I finish my CPR cycle, re-evaluate the ABC and install the electrodes.
D - I immediately stop my CPR cycle and I turn on the defibrillator.
What is the correct order to perform the following actions?
A - I expose the chest of the victim, I apply the electrodes, I connect the electrodes and I turn on the defibrillator.|
B - I expose the chest of the victim, I turn on the defibrillator, I apply the electrodes, I connect the electrodes.
C - I expose the chest of the victim, I connect the electrodes. I apply the electrodes, I turn on the defibrillator.
D - I turn on the defibrillator and I follow the voice prompts.
Following an initial analysis, the AED tells you: "No shock advised, continue CPR if necessary", what do you do?
A - I resume CPR until the next analysis.|
B - I stop the manoeuvres and disconnect the defibrillator since it will not give shock.
C - I ask for another analysis.
D - I push on the shock button.
By placing electrodes on the chest of the victim, you see that the victim has a pacemaker or defibrillator under the skin, what do you do?
A - I disconnect the defibrillator and resume CPR.|
B - I install the electrode about 1 inch(2.5cm)lower the device and I follow the defibrillator voice promts.
C - I install the electrode on his back.
D - I place the electrode over the under-skin device.
How often should the defibrillator (AED) perform analysis?
A - After each cycle of 30 compressions/2 breaths.|
B - At every 5 minutes.
C - Every minute.
D - Approximately after 5 cycles of 30 compressions / 2 breaths. (2 minutes)
When two rescuers are performing CPR together, what is the procedure?
A - Placed face to face on each side of the victim and we alternate breaths and compressions for every 5 minutes.|
B - Placed face to face on each side of the victim and we alternate breaths and compressions for every 10 minutes.
C - Placed face to face on each side of the victim and one deals with compressions and the other one gives the breaths.
D - Placed face to face on each side of the victim and each carries 5 cycles of 30 compressions / 2 breaths then alternate while the other take a rest and stands ready to take over.
You cannot put the two electrodes on the chest of a child without them touching each other, what do you do?
A - I place an electrode on the center of his sternum, and the other towards his back.|
B - A defibrillator is not used on a child.
C - Electrodes will be placed on each side of his chest.
D - It does not matter if they touch each other.
When the rescuer is alone with a child or infant in cardiac arrest...:
A - the rescuer should immediately call 911 and begin CPR.|
B - the rescuer should immediately provide 2 minutes of CPR and then call 911.
C - the rescuer should take the child with him to call for help and to perform CPR at the same time.
D - the rescuer should proceed in the same way as with an adult.
Performing CPR to a baby must be done...?
A - with two(2) fingers in the middle of the sternum.|
B - with one(1) hand in the middle of the sternum.
C - with the ring and the middle fingers in the center of the sternum and positioned below the nipples line.
D - with two(2) fingers in the center of the sternum and positioned over the nipples line .
Are there any counter-indication to use a defibrillator on a victim of drowning?
A - Yes, because we cannot stick electrodes.|
B - Yes, serious danger of receiving the shock.
C - No, if we have dried up the chest of the victim.
D - No danger at all.
The defibrillation reaches its maximum effectiveness when provided within...?
A - the 20 first minutes after respiratory arrest.|
B - the 2 first minutes after respiratory arrest.
C - the 8 first minutes after respiratory arrest.
D - the 12 first minutes after respiratory arrest.
The manoeuvres to unclog a conscious baby are to...?
A - give him slams in his back before he falls unconscious.|
B - give him mild abdominal pressure before he falls unconscious.
C - alternate 5 slams in his back and 5 chest compressions before he falls unconscious.
D - give him 10 strong slams in his back before he falls unconscious.
The principal risk factors supporting the development of cardiac diseases are...?
A - tobacco smoking, alcohol, arterial hypotension, the difficult exercise, salt, hypoglicemy and overwork.|
B - tobacco smoking, high blood pressure, sedentary life style, bad food, diabetes, obesity and stress.
C - alcohol, drugs, prolonged work, the abuse of médication and negligent attitude.
D - secondary smoke, alcohol, stress, strenuous work, drugs and the extreme sports.
The main signs and symptoms of the angina and the heart attacks are...?
A - sweats, fast breathing, slow pulse, abnormally red and hot skin.|
B - abundant sweats, dizziness, nausea, paleness of the skin and convulsions.
C - cold sweats, feeling of indigestion, pain in the chest, pale skin, lips bluish and respiratory difficulty.
D - abundant sweating, tremors, nausea, vomiting and headaches.
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