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You arrive at the scene of a car accident and you notice that several passengers were injured. You immediately call "911" and...
A -I count the number of victims.|
B -I insure the safety of the area and I approach the first victim who asks for help.
C -I insure the safety of the area, and assess the first victim that I meet, and begin sorting the victims
D -I move the victims away from the vehicle.
In an emergency situation where there are many victims.
Which victim(s) will you assist first?
A -I assist each victim beginning with the one closest to me|
B -Women and children first.
C -Victims who have a risk of injury to the column.
D -Victims who have deadly injuries.
In a triage situation, victims that are identified as being in the "yellow category" are...?
A -Those who must receive first-aid cares immediately.|
B -Those that are suffering of a nervous shock.
C -Those who are injured and whose lifes is not in immediate danger.
D -Those that must urgently get to the hospital.
In a triage situation, an unconscious person, that is breathing without difficulty should be classified in what category?
In a triage situation, in the presence of an unconscious victim that is not breathing, I must...?
A -immediately give 2 breaths to the victim, I place the victim in the recovery position, and if the victim does not start to breath, I label the victim in the black category, and then I move on to another victim. |
B -immediately begin the CPR manoeuvre.
C -provide breathing assistance until the arrival of the ambulance(EMS).
D -do nothing and leave the victim in his/her original position.
In a triage situation, a victim approaches you screaming with pain because his arm is broken and presents a significant angulation,
What should you do?
A -I immediately splint the arm in the position I find it in.|
B -I reassure him, have him rest and ask him to wait.
C -I help him to rest in a comfortable position, I reassure him and ask of him to keep his arm immobilized by holding it in the position it is in, and I then wait until the arrival of the ambulance.
D -I ask him to straighten his arm and return it to its normal alignment
According to the principles of triage, in which order should the victims be evacuated?
A -The categories: black, followed by yellow, red and green.|
B -The categories: red, followed by yellow, green and black.
C -The categories: red, followed by green, yellow and black.
D -The categories: black, followed by red, yellow and green.
You're the first person to arrive at the scene of a car accident; the victim complains of a back pain and cannot feel his legs, suddenly the dashboard breaks out into flames.
What do you do?
A -I tell him not to move and I call the firefighters.|
B -I hurry to pull him out of the car while trying to support his head and his back as best as I can.
C -I immediately get far away from the car.
D -I tell him to get out of the car and I run far away.
The best way to stabilize an angle broken bone to a limb is ...?
A -To put it in the axis that appears the most appropriate.|
B -To ask the victim to pull his arm straight.
C -To ask the victim to continuously move his limb, install a rigid splint and apply ice.
D -To ask the victim not to move the limb, install a splint which supports the limb in the position I find it in and apply ice.
The main cause that makes an X-ray of a broken limb not clear are...?
A -Too long delay between the incident and taking the X-ray.|
B -The victim moved while taking the X-ray.
C -The splint was not correct.
D -The injury was iced for too long.
How long is it advisable to install ice on a fracture ?
A -Continuously, until the arrival to the hospital.|
B -In a rotation period of 10 to 15 minutes
C -In a rotation period of 30 to 40 minutes.
D -Not more than 1 continuous hour.
The most serious consequences of an open fracture are...?
A -pain and loss of sensibility.|
B -partial or total loss of the member.
C -loss of fluid and bone marrow.
D -haemorrhage and severe shock.
The shock can occur when...?
A -a victim has lost control of his emotions.|
B -a victim loses too much body fluid.
C -a victim has suffered several injuries.
D -All of the above.
The main signs and symptoms of shock are...?
A -pale/ashy cold and moist skin, nausea, spinning and weak pulse, rapid breathing or pulsating, dilated pupils.|
B -reddish cold and moist skin, vomiting, slow pulse, rapid breathing or pulsating, contracted pupils.
C -reddish hot and moist skin, vomiting, rapid pulse, rapid breathing or pulsating, normal pupils.
D -reddish cold and moist skin, vomiting, slow pulse, rapid breathing and pulsating, unequal pupils.
The best way to counteract shock in a victim is...?
A -to calm and reassure the victim.|
B -to provide appropriate first aid to the victim.
C -to cover the victim in order to keep in body heat.
D -to place the victim in the recovery position.
According to the rule of nines, a burn on the complete surface of the back...?
A -is 45% of the body surface.|
B -is 27% of the body surface.
C -is 35% of the body surface.
D -is 18% of the body surface.
What are the 2 most serious consequences of a burn on a large surface?
A -Pain and scarring.|
B -Infection and pain.
C -Infection and long healing.
D -Infection ans shock.
The first thing to do when you accidentally spill hot liquid on yourself is...?
A -to immediately remove anything that is in contact with the burn. .|
B -to cover the wound as soon as possible.
C -to apply an antiseptic cream to the wound.
D -to cool the burn immediately.
When treating a first or second degree burn on a small surface, in what order should we do these steps?
A -Stop the progression, cool with fresh water, apply ointment and go to the hospital.|
B -Stop the progression, cool with fresh water, cover up and and go to hospital.
C -Ointment only to cover up and and go to the hospital.
D -Cool with fresh water and and go to the hospital.
How long is it recommended to cool a small surface burn (less than 10% of the body surface)?
A -20 minutes|
B -10 minutes
C -30 minutes
D -5 minutes
Why is it not recommended to cool a large surface burn for more than 10 minutes?
A -Because of the risk of damaging the skin even more.|
B -Because of the risk of infection.
C -Because of the risk of hypothermia.
D -Because of the risk of a shock.
Why is it not indicated to cool the 3rd degree burn with water?
A -Because of the risk of a shock.|
B -Because of the risk of damaging the skin even more.
C -Because of the risk of infection.
D -Because of the risk of hypothermia.
What are the main characteristics of a third-degree burn?
A -Mostly painless, deep, burned, skin flaps and destroyed skin..|
B -Deep, burned and atrocious pain.
C -Skin completely destroyed, painful and deep.
D -Redness, pain and deep vessel exposed.
The electric shock causes what type of burn?
A -Generally 3rd degree.|
B -Generally 2nd degree.
C -Generally 1st degree.
D -Generally do not cause burning.
Can a low-voltage electric shock, cause cardiac arrest?
A -Yes, if the shock goes through my body.|
B -Only if the amperage is high.
C -Yes, only if the shock passes directly through the heart.
D -No, low voltage is not dangerous.
The best emergency treatment for a skin burning with a chemical product is... ?
A -to rinse with a water jet for 10 minutes.|
B -to cover it immediately.
C -to remove the surplus of the product with a clean cloth and rinse with fresh water for 30 minutes.
D -to call 911 and not touch the victim.
A person accidentally got a chemical product in his eyes and is rinsing them. What should the rescuer do to ensure that the rinse is effective?
A -Open the victim's eyes.|
B -Make sure that the water is not too cold.
C -Try to identify the chemical product.
D -Let him do it, as to not interfere with the rinse.
The most useful information to provide to the poison control center at a poisoning situation are...?
A -the age of the victim, the product and quantity.|
B -the time elapsed, the mode of penetration and the weight of the victim.
C -the answers A et B.
D -the answer A only.
If the victim is unconscious after being poisoned, what is the order of priorities?:
A -Call the Poison Control Center and then go to the hospital.|
B -Call the 911 only and then put the victim in the recovery position.
C -Put the victim in the recovery position, call the 911 and then the poison control center.
D -Call a doctor and then the hospital.
Hydrogen sulphide, which is present in residential and agricultural septic tanks, is very dangerous because...
A -it is odourless and virtually paralysed your sense of smell quickly. |
B -it is very volatile and suffocating.
C -it may explode in the presence of a spark or a flame.
D -it damages the upper respiratory airways and mucous membranes.
At a concentration of 250 ppm and more in the air, hydrogen sulphide may...?
A -cause nausea and irritation to the airways and eyes.|
B -cause fainting.
C -kill you in a few seconds.
D -damage the upper respiratory airways and mucous membranes.
When cardiac arrest occurs in an adult, and no resuscitation manoeuvre (CPR) is applied,
the heart can fibrillate for a maximum period of...?
A -15 to 20 minutes.|
B -8 to 10 minutes
C -4 to 6 minutes.
D -30 minutes.
The defibrillation manoeuvre, reaches its maximum efficiency when carried out within?
A -15 minutes following the cardiac arrest.|
B -4 minutes following the cardiac arrest
C -8 minutes following the cardiac arrest.
D -30 minutes following the cardiac arrest.
The main goal of CPR is to...?
A -restart the heart.|
B -create a normal blood circulation.
C -oxygenate the lungs and the blood.
D -oxygenate the brain and vital organs and prolong fibrillation.
Following respiratory arrest, the brain can be damaged if it is deprived of oxygen for a period over...?
A -4 minutes|
B -12 minutes.
C -8 minutes.
D -1 minute.
Awaiting the the arrival of emergency medical service (EMS), the rescuer who administers CPR must...?
A -do 15 consecutives chest compressions followed by 2 breaths, at a speed of 80 compressions per minute.|
B -do 30 consecutives chest compressions followed by 2 breaths, at a speed of 100 to 120 compressions per minute.
C -do 15 consecutives chest compressions followed by 1 breath, at a speed of 72 compressions per minute.
D -do 5 consecutives chest compressions followed by 1 breath, at a speed of 100 compressions per minute.
The rescuer who administers CPR to an adult victim, must compress the chest to a depth of...?
A -1/2 to 1 inch deep (1,25 to 2,5cm).|
B -3 to 4 inches deep (7 to 10cm).
C -as minimal as possible to avoid damaging the ribs or sternum.
D -2 to 21/2 inches deep (5 to 6cm).
When attaching the defibrillator electrodes onto the victim's chest, the rescuer notices that the victim already has an
internal defibrillator/pacemaker beneath the skin exactly at the place where the electrode needs to be, what should he do ?
A -He must not install the electrodes and turn off the defibrillator.|
B -He must take no notice of this, and install the electrode over the pace maker.
C -He must install the electrode on the victim's back.
D -He must install the electrode about 1 inch (2.5cm) below the pace maker.
Within these signs and symptoms, which one is not sign or symptom of a brain-stroke?
A -Retro-sternal and abdominal pain.|
B -Sudden and violent headache.
C -Speech and vision difficulty.
D -Partial and temporary paralysis.
The difference between an "embolism" and a "trombosis" is...?
A -an embolism happens at the brain, the trombosis happens at the heart.|
B -an embolism happens very suddenly, the trombosis happens gradually.
C -they are exactly the same.
D -an embolism happens in the lungs arteries and the trombosis happens in the coronary arteries.
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