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Quiz #2==> Test your knowledge on First-Aid and CPR
You will find below a list of 40 questions about first-aid, which will help you to determine if you can react properly to an emergency situation.
You must answer to all of the questions and submit your test at the end.
Within 48 hours you will receive the result of your test by Email.

This test is according to the new "2015" CPR guidelines.

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Question 1
You arrive at the scene of a car accident and you notice that several passengers were injured. You immediately call "911" and...

A -I count the number of victims.
B -I insure the safety of the area and I approach the first victim who asks for help.
C -I insure the safety of the area, and assess the first victim that I meet, and begin sorting the victims
D -I move the victims away from the vehicle.

Question 2
In an emergency situation where there are many victims.
Which victim(s) will you assist first?

A -I assist each victim beginning with the one closest to me
B -Women and children first.
C -Victims who have a risk of injury to the column.
D -Victims who have deadly injuries.

Question 3
In a triage situation, victims that are identified as being in the "yellow category" are...?

A -Those who must receive first-aid cares immediately.
B -Those that are suffering of a nervous shock.
C -Those who are injured and whose lifes is not in immediate danger.
D -Those that must urgently get to the hospital.

Question 4
In a triage situation, an unconscious person, that is breathing without difficulty should be classified in what category?

A -Green.
B -Yellow.
C -Red.
D -Black.

Question 5
In a triage situation, in the presence of an unconscious victim that is not breathing, I must...?

A -immediately give 2 breaths to the victim, I place the victim in the recovery position, and if the victim does not start to breath, I label the victim in the black category, and then I move on to another victim.
B -immediately begin the CPR manoeuvre.
C -provide breathing assistance until the arrival of the ambulance(EMS).
D -do nothing and leave the victim in his/her original position.

Question 6
In a triage situation, a victim approaches you screaming with pain because his arm is broken and presents a significant angulation,
What should you do?

A -I immediately splint the arm in the position I find it in.
B -I reassure him, have him rest and ask him to wait.
C -I help him to rest in a comfortable position, I reassure him and ask of him to keep his arm immobilized by holding it in the position it is in, and I then wait until the arrival of the ambulance.
D -I ask him to straighten his arm and return it to its normal alignment

Question 7
According to the principles of triage, in which order should the victims be evacuated?

A -The categories: black, followed by yellow, red and green.
B -The categories: red, followed by yellow, green and black.
C -The categories: red, followed by green, yellow and black.
D -The categories: black, followed by red, yellow and green.

Question 8
You're the first person to arrive at the scene of a car accident; the victim complains of a back pain and cannot feel his legs, suddenly the dashboard breaks out into flames.
What do you do?

A -I tell him not to move and I call the firefighters.
B -I hurry to pull him out of the car while trying to support his head and his back as best as I can.
C -I immediately get far away from the car.
D -I tell him to get out of the car and I run far away.

Question 9
The best way to stabilize an angle broken bone to a limb is ...?

A -To put it in the axis that appears the most appropriate.
B -To ask the victim to pull his arm straight.
C -To ask the victim to continuously move his limb, install a rigid splint and apply ice.
D -To ask the victim not to move the limb, install a splint which supports the limb in the position I find it in and apply ice.

Question 10
The main cause that makes an X-ray of a broken limb not clear are...?

A -Too long delay between the incident and taking the X-ray.
B -The victim moved while taking the X-ray.
C -The splint was not correct.
D -The injury was iced for too long.

Question 11
How long is it advisable to install ice on a fracture ?

A -Continuously, until the arrival to the hospital.
B -In a rotation period of 10 to 15 minutes
C -In a rotation period of 30 to 40 minutes.
D -Not more than 1 continuous hour.

Question 12
The most serious consequences of an open fracture are...?

A -pain and loss of sensibility.
B -partial or total loss of the member.
C -loss of fluid and bone marrow.
D -haemorrhage and severe shock.

Question 13
The shock can occur when...?

A -a victim has lost control of his emotions.
B -a victim loses too much body fluid.
C -a victim has suffered several injuries.
D -All of the above.

Question 14
The main signs and symptoms of shock are...?

A -pale/ashy cold and moist skin, nausea, spinning and weak pulse, rapid breathing or pulsating, dilated pupils.
B -reddish cold and moist skin, vomiting, slow pulse, rapid breathing or pulsating, contracted pupils.
C -reddish hot and moist skin, vomiting, rapid pulse, rapid breathing or pulsating, normal pupils.
D -reddish cold and moist skin, vomiting, slow pulse, rapid breathing and pulsating, unequal pupils.

Question 15
The best way to counteract shock in a victim is...?

A -to calm and reassure the victim.
B -to provide appropriate first aid to the victim.
C -to cover the victim in order to keep in body heat.
D -to place the victim in the recovery position.

Question 16
According to the rule of nines, a burn on the complete surface of the back...?

A -is 45% of the body surface.
B -is 27% of the body surface.
C -is 35% of the body surface.
D -is 18% of the body surface.

Question 17
What are the 2 most serious consequences of a burn on a large surface?

A -Pain and scarring.
B -Infection and pain.
C -Infection and long healing.
D -Infection ans shock.

Question 18
The first thing to do when you accidentally spill hot liquid on yourself is...?

A -to immediately remove anything that is in contact with the burn. .
B -to cover the wound as soon as possible.
C -to apply an antiseptic cream to the wound.
D -to cool the burn immediately.

Question 19
When treating a first or second degree burn on a small surface, in what order should we do these steps?

A -Stop the progression, cool with fresh water, apply ointment and go to the hospital.
B -Stop the progression, cool with fresh water, cover up and and go to hospital.
C -Ointment only to cover up and and go to the hospital.
D -Cool with fresh water and and go to the hospital.

Question 20
How long is it recommended to cool a small surface burn (less than 10% of the body surface)?

A -20 minutes
B -10 minutes
C -30 minutes
D -5 minutes

Question 21
Why is it not recommended to cool a large surface burn for more than 10 minutes?

A -Because of the risk of damaging the skin even more.
B -Because of the risk of infection.
C -Because of the risk of hypothermia.
D -Because of the risk of a shock.

Question 22
Why is it not indicated to cool the 3rd degree burn with water?

A -Because of the risk of a shock.
B -Because of the risk of damaging the skin even more.
C -Because of the risk of infection.
D -Because of the risk of hypothermia.

Question 23
What are the main characteristics of a third-degree burn?

A -Mostly painless, deep, burned, skin flaps and destroyed skin..
B -Deep, burned and atrocious pain.
C -Skin completely destroyed, painful and deep.
D -Redness, pain and deep vessel exposed.

Question 24
The electric shock causes what type of burn?

A -Generally 3rd degree.
B -Generally 2nd degree.
C -Generally 1st degree.
D -Generally do not cause burning.

Question 25
Can a low-voltage electric shock, cause cardiac arrest?

A -Yes, if the shock goes through my body.
B -Only if the amperage is high.
C -Yes, only if the shock passes directly through the heart.
D -No, low voltage is not dangerous.

Question 26
The best emergency treatment for a skin burning with a chemical product is... ?

A -to rinse with a water jet for 10 minutes.
B -to cover it immediately.
C -to remove the surplus of the product with a clean cloth and rinse with fresh water for 30 minutes.
D -to call 911 and not touch the victim.

Question 27
A person accidentally got a chemical product in his eyes and is rinsing them. What should the rescuer do to ensure that the rinse is effective?

A -Open the victim's eyes.
B -Make sure that the water is not too cold.
C -Try to identify the chemical product.
D -Let him do it, as to not interfere with the rinse.

Question 28
The most useful information to provide to the poison control center at a poisoning situation are...?

A -the age of the victim, the product and quantity.
B -the time elapsed, the mode of penetration and the weight of the victim.
C -the answers A et B.
D -the answer A only.

Question 29
If the victim is unconscious after being poisoned, what is the order of priorities?:

A -Call the Poison Control Center and then go to the hospital.
B -Call the 911 only and then put the victim in the recovery position.
C -Put the victim in the recovery position, call the 911 and then the poison control center.
D -Call a doctor and then the hospital.

Question 30
Hydrogen sulphide, which is present in residential and agricultural septic tanks, is very dangerous because...

A -it is odourless and virtually paralysed your sense of smell quickly.
B -it is very volatile and suffocating.
C -it may explode in the presence of a spark or a flame.
D -it damages the upper respiratory airways and mucous membranes.

Question 31
At a concentration of 250 ppm and more in the air, hydrogen sulphide may...?

A -cause nausea and irritation to the airways and eyes.
B -cause fainting.
C -kill you in a few seconds.
D -damage the upper respiratory airways and mucous membranes.

Question 32
When cardiac arrest occurs in an adult, and no resuscitation manoeuvre (CPR) is applied,
the heart can fibrillate for a maximum period of...?

A -15 to 20 minutes.
B -8 to 10 minutes
C -4 to 6 minutes.
D -30 minutes.

Question 33
The defibrillation manoeuvre, reaches its maximum efficiency when carried out within?

A -15 minutes following the cardiac arrest.
B -4 minutes following the cardiac arrest
C -8 minutes following the cardiac arrest.
D -30 minutes following the cardiac arrest.

Question 34
The main goal of CPR is to...?

A -restart the heart.
B -create a normal blood circulation.
C -oxygenate the lungs and the blood.
D -oxygenate the brain and vital organs and prolong fibrillation.

Question 35
Following respiratory arrest, the brain can be damaged if it is deprived of oxygen for a period over...?

A -4 minutes
B -12 minutes.
C -8 minutes.
D -1 minute.

Question 36
Awaiting the the arrival of emergency medical service (EMS), the rescuer who administers CPR must...?

A -do 15 consecutives chest compressions followed by 2 breaths, at a speed of 80 compressions per minute.
B -do 30 consecutives chest compressions followed by 2 breaths, at a speed of 100 to 120 compressions per minute.
C -do 15 consecutives chest compressions followed by 1 breath, at a speed of 72 compressions per minute.
D -do 5 consecutives chest compressions followed by 1 breath, at a speed of 100 compressions per minute.

Question 37
The rescuer who administers CPR to an adult victim, must compress the chest to a depth of...?

A -1/2 to 1 inch deep (1,25 to 2,5cm).
B -3 to 4 inches deep (7 to 10cm).
C -as minimal as possible to avoid damaging the ribs or sternum.
D -2 to 21/2 inches deep (5 to 6cm).

Question 38
When attaching the defibrillator electrodes onto the victim's chest, the rescuer notices that the victim already has an
internal defibrillator/pacemaker beneath the skin exactly at the place where the electrode needs to be, what should he do ?

A -He must not install the electrodes and turn off the defibrillator.
B -He must take no notice of this, and install the electrode over the pace maker.
C -He must install the electrode on the victim's back.
D -He must install the electrode about 1 inch (2.5cm) below the pace maker.

Question 39
Within these signs and symptoms, which one is not sign or symptom of a brain-stroke?

A -Retro-sternal and abdominal pain.
B -Sudden and violent headache.
C -Speech and vision difficulty.
D -Partial and temporary paralysis.

Question 40
The difference between an "embolism" and a "trombosis" is...?

A -an embolism happens at the brain, the trombosis happens at the heart.
B -an embolism happens very suddenly, the trombosis happens gradually.
C -they are exactly the same.
D -an embolism happens in the lungs arteries and the trombosis happens in the coronary arteries.

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